Autism or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental disability; refer to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech, and nonverbal commutation. ASD is defined by a certain set of behaviors and is a “spectrum condition” that affects individuals differently and to varying degrees.
There is no known single cause of autism, but increased awareness and early diagnosis/intervention and access to appropriate services/ support lead to significantly improved outcomes. Some of the behaviors associated with autism include delayed learning of language; difficulty making eye contact or holding a Conversation; difficulty with executive functioning, which relates to reasoning and planning; narrow, intense interests; poor motor skills’ and sensory sensitivities. Again, a person on the spectrum might follow many of these behaviors or just a few, or many others besides. The diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder is applied based on the analysis of all behaviors and their severity.
Autism’s hallmark signs usually appear by age 2 to 3. Often, it can be diagnosed as early as 18 months. Some associated development delays can appear even earlier.
In Pakistan Autism Point, an Autism Awareness Center going to spread awareness, support, advocacy, and help.